Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2017)
Socio-economic assessment of the fishery in Blue Nile River, Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia
Author(s): Tadlo Awoke Mengesha
Abstract: Socio-economic data of fishes from upper part of Blue Nile River were collected from October 2010 to March, 2011. The objectives of the study were to assess the current fish composition, common fishing practices, post harvest handling of fishes and the major problems of fishing practices in this river and recommend possible fishery management option to fishermen around this river. Structured questionnaires and Checklist were used to collect the necessary socio-economic data. Univariate and Descriptive analysis were used to analyse the collected data. There were 100 fishermen in Sefania, Abenaze and Woteto Mider kebeles that engaged in Upper part of Blue Nile River fishery, among these 20 was permanent and they were fully depend on fishery as their source of income and 80 were seasonal. Most of the fishermen in upper part of Blue Nile River dependent on river fishery as source of additional income because they have main activities are crop and livestock farming. The main fishing season in the study area were starting from November to May. Fish species recorded in upper part of Blue Nile River were Clarias gariepinus, Labeobarbus intermedius, Labeobarbus crassibarbis, Labeobarbus nedgia Labeobarbus forskalii, Mormyrus kannume, Bagrus docmak and Oriochromus niloticus. However, farmer prefer to consume L. intermedius and L. forskalii because of they assume high quality and the fishes are attractive there appearance. In addition to fish fauna used as a habitat of other vertebrate animals found in the river such as Nile crocodile, Snakes, “Arjano” (Monitor lizard) Cattle egrets(Bulbulcus ibis), Great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus), Grey heron (Ardea cindered), Sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) and African Jacana (Actophilornis Africana). There was significant variation in income from fishing between fishermen around Upper part of Blue Nile River (P<0.05). The fishermen in Blue Nile River do not have the knowledge of fish processing. Therefore there should be training in fishery management and fish processing in these rivers.