Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2018)
Supplementation of materials in fish feed for efficient growth performance and body indices: An extensive review on the role of functional feed additives in tilapia nutrition
Author(s): GV Pavan Kumar, N Mehar Nikitha, Md. Husnara Begum, V Chandra Sekhar
Abstract: Aquaculture feeds are formulated with a vast pool of ingredient to meet nutritional requirements of fish for normal physiological functions, including maintaining a highly effective natural immune system, growth, and reproduction. To ensure the dietary nutrients are ingested, digested, absorbed, and transported to the cells, an increasing diversity of non-nutritive feed additives are being used in aquatic feeds. Feed additives are supplemented in small amounts to tilapia for a specific purpose in aquaculture. Feed containing functional feed additives promote the growth and health of tilapia, improve their immune systems, and induce physiological benefits beyond traditional feeds. Probiotics, prebiotics, phytogenic substances, immune-stimulants, enzymes, hormones, mycotoxin binders, organic acids etc., are best functional feed additives to manage and regulate tilapia performance and improve aquaculture profit.